The Jominy end-quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel, which is a measure of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth. Jominy Test and Hardness Depth. Thanks to Walter Jominy (the Chief Metallurgist of Chrysler Corporation sometime before the war), there is a simple but. The Jominy end quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel, which is a measure of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth under a given set.

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The Jominy End Quench Test, ASTM A

The Jominy Test involves heating a test piece from the steel 25mm diameter and mm long to an austenitising temperature and quenching from one end with a controlled and standardised jet of water. However, the high-carbon steel is jomiiny hardest for the first few millimeters. However, the effect is too small be jominny commonly used for control of hardenability. As the water jet sprays onto the end of the hot, glowing specimen, a cold dark region spreads up the specimen.

Similar tests have been developed in other countries, such as the SAC test, which uses a kominy quenched from all sides by immersion in water. This results in a work-piece that does not have the same crystal structure throughout its entire depth; with a softer core and harder “shell”.

It’s hest to use the correct conversion chart for different materials, since the hardness test causes plastic strain, and therefore varies with the strain hardening properties of the material. The results are plotted in the graph below. Measurement of hardenability Uses of Jominy data: The resultant microstructure is quite coarse, with reduced toughness and ductility.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Carbon controls the hardness of the martensite. The hardness is measured at intervals from the quenched end. The variation of hardness was measured with distance from the quenched end. It is an indication of how deep into the material a certain hardness can be achieved. Structure of En 24 at 5 cm position along Jominy bar.

Slower cooling rates occur at the core of jominny components, compared to the faster cooling rate at the surface. The initial red-hot state represents the austenitic condition and the subsequent cooling results in a variety of transformations that depend on the chemical composition of the steel. Click on the circled data points to see how the microstructure varies with distance from the quenched end.

Select the most appropriate steel to achieve the necessary levels of mechanical properties, residual stress and distortion in an injection moulding die for a mobile phone plastic case. The formatting page breaks, etc of the printed version is unpredictable and highly dependent on your browser.

Increasing the austenite grain size increases jominu hardenability of steels.

The Jominy End Quench Test

Overview of Major Steels. The bar is divided into 25 equal length elements, and, at each time step of the simulation, for each element, a new temperature, resulting from heat transfer at either end, is calculated. Jominy served as president of ASM in It should not be confused with hardnesswhich is a measure of a sample’s resistance to indentation or scratching.

We now could assess the efficiency of all that disgusting stuff the ancient smiths used for quenching their steel: Please follow this link if you would like to provide a short review for this TLP.


A heat treatment that causes steel to harden is so much more than the meer plunging of hot metal into a fluid that is often a liquid.

You do the experiments. This page was last edited on 21 Augustat This TLP considers the basic concepts of hardenability and the Jominy test.

The alloy steel clearly has the highest hardenability, forming martensite to a greater depth than the plain carbon steel. Ferrite and pearlite are formed where the cooling rate text slower. The hest is typically 1. Thanks to Walter Jominy the Chief Metallurgist of Chrysler Corporation sometime before the warthere is a simple but accurate test to assess the hardenability of a given sample. There are conversion charts between the hardness scales.

Again, you have three steels. Alloying Elements in Detail. The test sample is quickly transferred to the test machine, where it is held vertically and sprayed with a controlled flow of water onto one end of the sample. If the intention is to produce a martensitic structure, then the constituents of the steel must be such that the phase is obtained over the depth required.

The Jominy End Quench Test

The cooling rate will be different from one end to the other of the sample, and all you do after it has cooled down completely, is to measure the hardness along its length. The unit of hardenability is length. Jominy end quench test can also be used to demonstrate the effects of microstructure and alloying variables on the hardenability of steels.