(Basidiomycota) from brazilian Atlantic Forest, São Paulo State, Brazil of wood-inhabiting basidiomycetes, Rajchenberg Hongos xilófagos: estudios. gica producidos por estos hongos abarca desde agentes antimicrobianos, anti- Basidiomycetes present a production capacity and a range of biologically. Scientific articles on cryopreservation of basidiomycetes published from Hongos comestibles y medicinales in Iberoamérica: investigación y.
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Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Cortinarius section Bicolores and section Saturnini Basidiomycota, Agaricalesa morphogenetic overview of European and North American species. Cortinarius is the largest genus of ectomycorrhizal fungi worldwide. Recent molecular studies have shown high levels of morphological homoplasy within the genus. Importantly, DNA phylogenies can reveal characteristics that have been Importantly, DNA phylogenies can reveal characteristics that have been either over- or underemphasized in taxonomic studies.
Here we sequenced and phylogenetically analysed a large set basidjomycetes pan-European and North American collections taxonomically studied and placed in Cortinarius sect.
Saturnini, according to traditional morpho-anatomical criteria. Our goal was to circumscribe the evolutionary boundaries of the two sections, to stabilize both the limits and nomenclature of relevant species, and to identify described taxa which, according to our current understanding, belong to other lineages.
Our analysis resolves two clades: Fifteen binomials, traditionally treated in these two sections based on morphology, do not belong to the above two phylogenetic clades. Instead, six of these latter are clearly placed in other jongos that represent sect.
The presence or absence of blue pigments and the detection of hongps odours emerge as clearly misleading taxonomic features, but more surprisingly, spore size and ecology can be misleading as well. A total of 63 type specimens were sequenced, 4 neotypes and 2 epitypes are basidiomycetds here, hongis 1 new combination is made. Heavy metals in some edible mushrooms from the Central Anatolia, Turkey.
The highest Pb, Fe, Mn and Cu concentrations were Ganoderma lucidum, a renowned fungus for its medicinal properties and content of hongoos compounds include polysacchari-des, triterpenoids, immune modulatory proteins, among others; it has generated a significant increase and interest Ganoderma lucidum, a renowned fungus for its medicinal properties and content of bioactive compounds include polysacchari-des, triterpenoids, immune modulatory proteins, among others; it has generated a significant increase and interest in its production.
Most species of fungi honfos and adapt to various environmental signal including light, which affects it not only in productivitybut also in quality and quantity basidiomyceted be closely related to the fruiting bodies. Therefore, the objective of this study was evaluating the biological efficiency EB and the rate of production TP as production parameters of the solid culture of Ganoderma luci-dum at under irradiation of the substrate with light emitting diodes blue LED with two levels of photo-stimulation constant 12 and 24 h during all steps of culture to induce mycelial growth and the formation of fruiting bodies.
Conventional parameters basieiomycetes applied to stimulate the growth and development of the fungus in the stages of production.
Long-term cryopreservation of basidiomycetes
For the formulation of substrates agro-industrial waste and lignocellulosic materials were used. The diameter of the fruiting bodies under blue light treatments was higher than those exposed to white fluorescent light control. First record of Amanita dunensis in Italy. Amanita dunensis is recorded for the first time in Italy. This finding extends the geographic distribution of the species, previously recorded This finding extends the geographic distribution of the species, previously recorded only in France and Spain.
Basidiomycete fungi utilities in medical and clinical sciences. Se ha descrito numerosos tipos de Basidiomycete fungi are fungi not very studied by Western medicine, these organisms can live in a variety of organic adaptations, as parasites or as symbiotic. It has been described numerous types of biomolecules that these organisms generate and that has effects, anti-tumor, antibiotics and anti-viral among others.
We performed a review in the scientific literature to evaluate the properties of these organisms. Nucleic acid sequences compatible with these fungi were found in the laboratory by means of the polymerase chain reaction with ITS sequences, agarose gel migration, sequencing and search of these sequences in DNA databases recorded in the NCBI.
The road construction is one of the factors that contribute to the original wildlife habitat fragmentation, causing a barrier to the species gene flow. In this way, the monitoring of the wildlife smashed on roads turned an important tool In this way, the monitoring of the wildlife smashed on roads turned an important tool to determine the wildlife biodiversity loss, revealing aspect of the motion strategy and seasonal population dynamics of some species.
The survey was made during a period of one year, between December and Decembertravelling over the road through walks once a day generally in the morning. The criterion used was to count all the vertebrate animals that were smashed by motor vehicles traffic on the road.
The species were identified in situ by their external morphology, and the occurrences were registered using a photographic camera. Head smut of maize caused by Sphacelotheca reiliana J.
Long-term cryopreservation of basidiomycetes
ABSTRACT In Cuba, during last years maize have been gained in importance, cropped areas with this cereal have been increased from 74 ha in to ha in In several maize fields from different provinces, plants with In several maize fields from different provinces, plants with deformed male inflorescence, with smut sori and or phillody on inflorescence and ears, were detected. Symptomatic plants were present with a low frequency in the fields and were found sporadically.
Identification of the the causal agent of this symptomatology was the aim of this work. Smut isolates were morphologically characterized.
Foliar tissue from plants with phillody, were decolorized to dismiss Slce-rophthora macrospora presence on its. Morphological characteristics of smut isolates agree with those reported for Sphacelotheca reiliana.
This basidiomycwtes is the first report of maize head smut caused by S. En las plantas que presentaron filodia, se realizaron decoloraciones del tejido foliar para descartar la presencia en las mismas de Sclerophthora macrospora. En ninguna de las muestras analizadas se detectaron ni oosporas ni micelio de S.
Los hongos de Isla de Mona. Manglicolous basidiomicetes of southwestern Puerto Rico and southwestern Florida U. All the specimens identified by basidiomycees of morphological uongos microscopic characters, and compared with specimens from the U. They represented eight families, 12 genera basiviomycetes 14 taxa. Basidiomycetes grew on dead bark and wood of Rhizophora mangle, Avicennia germinans, and Laguncularia racemosa.
Coriolopsis floccose, Phellinus merrillii, and Tyromyces cf. Basidiomycete cryopreservation on perlite: Evaluation of a new method. The genus Amanita should not be split. Recently the well-known genus Amanita has been split into two genera, Amanita, a genus of basidiomycete ectomycorrhizal fungi, and Saproamanita, a genus of putatively saprotrophic fungi.
We disagree with this generic split and argue why We disagree with this generic split and argue why Amanita should not be split. The proposal to split the genus does not conform to the recently proposed guidelines for publishing new genera. Concise amended characterizations are provided for the monophyletic family Amanitaceae and its two monophyletic genera Amanita and Limacella.
We propose a minimal reorganization of Amanita—removal of stirps Hesleri from subsection Vittadiniae.
Basidiomycetes Research Papers –
Some open issues in Amanita systematics are discussed. Amanita is an emblematic genus and the focus of diverse research programs. Taxonomists and users of taxonomic and systematic products are used to, and rely on, Amanita as a genus with meaningful, morphologically defined subdivisions, easy to teach and easy to use. Splitting the genus is unnecessary and would prove costly—degrading our ability to communicate with each other and complicating connections to past literature.
We argue that the current use of next-generation sequencing in studies of fungal ecology does not necessitate the splitting of Amanita. Filamentous ascomycete and basidiomycete fungi from beach sand.
The plate associated with the protolog of A. The improperly designated neotype of A. A lectotype is proposed for A. Defence reactions in Norway spruce toward the pathogenic root-rot causing fungus Heterobasidion annosum.
The root-rot causing fungus Heterobasidion annosum can attack both spruce and pine trees and hongox the economically most damaging pathogen in northern European forestry. We have monitored the H.
Ramets of two year Diverse Helotiales associated with the roots of three species of Arctic Ericaceae provide no evidence for host specificity. On Geastrum argentinum, a forgotten species. Ads help cover our server costs. Remember me on this computer. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. Click here to sign up. Help Center Find new research papers in: