View Contents. Hiponatremia, h.. BIBLIOGRAFÍA. Hiponatremia, hipernatremia y mortalidad en pacientes con nefropatía crónica. Mary E. Choi; Joseph Loscalzo. farsightedness, long-sightedness, hyperopia CD hipermetropía f hipernatremia f hypacusis CE) hipoacusia f hipocapnia f hypocapnia CD hipo- capnia f hipocinesia f ® hypokinesia CE) hi- + m) hipocrómico E«> hypochromic CE) . Hiponatremia e hipernatremia. Jose Miguel Castellón. Hiponatremia hipernatremia. fernandomolinalino. Fisiopatologia trastornos del Sodio.

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We found an association with exclusive breastfeeding, primiparity and greater maternal age. There are few studies on its incidence in Spain.

Meaning of “hiponatremia” in the Portuguese dictionary

As occurred in previously published case series, excessive weight loss from birth was a frequent feature, as was the hiprenatremia of urate crystals w the urine 14, The median age at admission was 5.

We also categorised the reason parents sought care in our hospital based on the presenting symptoms: The aim of our study was to determine the incidence of hospital admission due to severe HND and to describe the associated risk factors for the purpose of proposing preventive measures. It is a potentially severe condition 1,3 that can cause significant neurologic sequelae and even death 4. The mean length of stay was 6.

Two of the newborns were delivered by caesarean section, one due to nonreassuring foetal heart hupernatremia tracings and the other due to prolonged labour. In our sample, all cases had onset within 15 days from birth, with a median age at admission that was slightly greater compared to hipernafremia age reported in other case series, which can probably be explained by our study focusing on newborns admitted after discharge from the maternity ward.

Although the actual incidence of HND in Spain is unknown, it is considered a significant public health problem due to its repercussions; the estimated incidence is 1.

hipernatremia – Translation into English – examples Portuguese | Reverso Context

We compared differences in the incidence between the warm seasons spring and summer and the cold seasons autumn and winter by means of the Student t test. RESULTS We estimated the size of the susceptible population during the period under study at 41 newborns, which corresponded to the newborns delivered in the maternity departments of one secondary level hospital and one tertiary level hospital that are both part of the public health system in the catchment area of our sample.


In most cases, the presenting complaints were problems associated with BF with signs that were easily identified in a basic physical examination.

The medium serum creatine level in hipernahremia sample was 0.

Translation of “hipernatremia” in English

Our study is the first in Spain to calculate the incidence of HND in newborns after discharge, identifying primiparity as a relevant maternal risk factor. In the remaining cases, the family visited the emergency department in our hospital of their own initiative.

Other variables we took into account were maternal age, parity, type of delivery, sex, gestational age at birth, chronological age at admission, weight at birth, at admission and at discharge, temperature at admission, type of feeding, presence of clinical signs of dehydration, creatinine, hipernatremiz urea nitrogen BUN and urea levels at admission, serum glucose level at admission, referral to our hospital, previous assessment by another health professional, length of stay in days, admission to the paediatric intensive care unit PICUneed for additional diagnostic tests, hipdrnatremia of complications, comorbidity and mortality.

The presenting complaints are summarised in Table 1: The most frequent reasons for seeking care were weight loss, jaundice and irritability.

HIPONATREMIA – Definition and synonyms of hiponatremia in the Portuguese dictionary

We were able to conduct the study thanks to the standardisation of our electronic health records. A future prospective study, one which would include an analysis of the impact of the improvement measures proposed here, could be the starting point to decrease the incidence of this health problem.

Twenty met the inclusion criteria. Its onset typically occurs at about 8 days post birth, varying between 2 and 14 days depending on the study.

We estimated the size of the susceptible population during the period under study at 41 newborns, which corresponded to the newborns delivered in the maternity departments of one secondary level hospital and one tertiary level hospital that are both part of the public health system in the catchment area of our sample. Severe neonatal hypernatremic dehydratation in hipl initiation of the breastfeeding: This condition is underdiagnosed, as it presents with nonspecific symptoms such as lethargy, although some patients become irritable instead.


The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare in relation to the preparation and publication of this article. The most common reasons care was sought in our case series were, with equal frequency, irritability and jaundice, presenting symptoms that were consistent with the literature, which also describes presentations with hypertonia and hyperreflexia, altered level of consciousness or seizures, which were not observed in any of our patients 14, Most mothers in our sample were primiparous, and the median maternal age was 34 years, which was consistent with previous studies where the median ages of the mothers age were 30 17 and 34 years, Education of health care staff though the development of consensus documents and the implementation of BF support workshops for mothers are measures that succeeded in reducing the incidence of HND in other facilities in Spain 13, Other, less frequent reasons to seek care were refusal to feed and appearance of urate crystals in the diaper.

Table 1 summarises the demographic and clinical characteristic of the newborns and their mothers. One of the limitations of our study, which was hipernatremiw to its retrospective design, was that we were unable to obtain data on parental educational attainment. The primary variable under study was the serum sodium level measured in a venous blood sample.

In contrast with the improvement in care delivery in other aspects, we did not find a declining trend in incidence in our patients during the period under study, nor in relation to the data from previous studies, which indicates that we need to develop strategies to address this yet unresolved problem.