Muscle Nerve –, BRACHIAL PLEXOPATHIES: CLASSIFICATION,. CAUSES, AND CONSEQUENCES. MARK A. FERRANTE. Brachial plexopathies: classification, causes, and consequences. (English) . Cervical rib and median sternotomy-related brachial plexopathies: a reassessment. Items 1 – 20 Brachial Plexopathies, Classification, Causes and Consequences (Muscle and Nerve, ) – Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read.

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From proximal to distal, its elements are the following: In general, infraclavicular lesions have better prognosis than supraclavicular lesions and nerve root avulsions have little chance of spontaneous recovery. Long thoracic C and dorsal scapular C5 Trunks: Cervical rib and median sternotomy-related brachial plexopathies: Wikisource 0 entries edit.

Similar to traumatic spinal cord injury, these injuries are most often associated with motor vehicle and often motorcycle collisions. Serial casting may initially improve more severe contractures and nighttime splinting may hrachial effective in preventing contracture progression. The presence of brachial plexus injury in polytrauma is of poor prognostic significance.

Usefulness of myelography in brachial plexus injuries. An integrated care team should include a physiatrist, neurologist, neurosurgeon, hand surgeon, occupational therapist, physical therapist, electrodiagnostician, pain specialist, and possibly an oncologist or pediatric neurologist.

Brachial plexopathies: classification, causes, and consequences.

A recent publication about patient reported outcomes of health related quality of life after neonatal brachial plexus suggests that physical limitations, followed by social health, and to a lesser degree, emotional health remain significant long-term issues in these patients. Of note, these authors found that motor function and functional status did not correlate with employment. MR myelography using heavily T2-weighted fast spin-echo pulse sequences with fat presaturation. February 28, This page was last edited on 20 Augustat Most stated that their brachial plexus injury had little or no role in their relationships.


Definition Brachial plexopathy is an injury of the brachial plexus, most commonly caused by trauma.

Wikipedia 0 entries edit. Social role and social support system A recent publication about patient reported outcomes of health related quality of life after neonatal brachial plexus suggests that physical limitations, followed by social health, and to a lesser degree, emotional health remain significant long-term issues in these patients. The incidence of radiation-induced plexopathies has decreased consquences tissue-sparing targeted radiotherapy.

March 7,1: Demographics for brachial plexus injury depend on plexlpathies etiology of plexppathies. Plexopathy results from direct axonal damage, demyelination, and microvascular infarction and more indolently because of compression caused by fibrosis, commonly seen following radiation therapy for breast, lung, lymphoma, and head and neck cancer.

Clinically, preganglionic injuries eg, root avulsions can be associated with Horner syndrome disruption of the autonomic trunkmedial scapular winging injury to long thoracic and dorsal scapular nerveand denervation of the cervical paraspinal muscles. Related Articles Rehabilitation management of head and neck cancers March 2,2: While these agents are more commonly associated with length-dependent peripheral polyneuropathies, when used in conjunction with radiation therapy or other drug therapy, they may increase the risk of brachial plexus injury.

To date, outcome reporting for brachial plexus surgery has largely centered on motor recovery and typically has not included measures of function or classificatiion recovery. Lower roots C8-T1 are the most susceptible to avulsion.

Brachial plexopathies: classification, causes, and consequences. – Wikidata

There was also a significant correlation between the change in NRS conzequences and patient satisfaction. It is caused by narrowed thoracic outlet, possibly because of cervical rib likely a fibrous band running from a rudimentary cervical rib to the first thoracic rib or hypertrophied anterior scalene or ischemic injury caused by restricted flow through the subclavian artery.

March 7,2: Based on whether the injury is proximal or distal to the dorsal root ganglion DRGthey are further characterized as preganglionic and postganglionic, respectively. Primarily an iatrogenic complication at delivery, although there is some evidence for congenital brachial plexopathy related to in utero fetal position. Natural history of brachial plexus neuropathy.


The patient then takes a deep breath and holds while extending the neck and rotating toward the affected side. classiffication

Males are approximately two times more commonly affected than females Available or current treatment guidelines Pain: Burner or stinger syndrome: Outcomes plexlpathies rehabilitation after surgery: The best chance of improvement is in the first 3 months after injury and the next best time window is within the next 3 months.

Of the 24 who were employed prior to injury, 13 returned to work and 8 within the first year of injury.

However, nerve grafts performed at earlier classifiication points may result in unnecessary surgery in individuals who would otherwise demonstrate some degree of spontaneous recovery. Wikiquote 0 entries edit. Wikiversity 0 entries edit. Further research is needed to assist in determining prognosis before 2 months and establishing the most effective timing for surgical intervention.

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Brachial Plexopathy: Differential Diagnosis and Treatment – PM&R KnowledgeNow

Radial, ulnar, and carotid pulses Allen test: Axon loss is best determined during nerve conduction studies by decreased amplitude in comparison with the contralateral side if unaffected. Traumatic root avulsions may occur in conjunction with brachial plexus injuries in the context of high-energy stretch. Article Search Search for: Mallow, MD Comments are off. It may be seen in a primary demyelinating disorder with causws axonal loss or a primary axonal injury.