CANDIDAL BALANITIS. DEFINITION. Balanitis refers to inflammation of the glans . The most common cause of balanitis is Candida albicans. In common usage, “balanitis” and “balanoposthitis” are interchangeable, although balanoposthitis occurs only in uncircumcised males. For the. Zoon balanitis (ZB) is one of the benign nonvenereal dermatoses, which presents as a solitary, persistent erythematous plaque usually on the glans penis.

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Surabhi Dayal and Priyadarshini Sahu. Zoon balanitis ZB is one of the nonvenereal conditions, which usually affects middle-aged to older men who are uncircumcised.

Retireved 19 April Retrieved from ” https: Treated successfully with dapsone. Rubor Calor Nalanopostitis Dolor Functio laesa. The exact follow-up regime for ZB balznopostitis treatment is still unclear.

Torchia D, Cappugi P. Diseases of the skin; pp. Please review our privacy policy. Report of three cases. Erythroplasia of the female genitalia. YAG laser treatment of idiopathic chronic inflammatory non-cicatricial balanoposthitis Zoon’s disease — A series of 20 patients with long-term outcome.

Pearce J, Fernando I. Circumcision is the definite treatment of ZB according to the European guidelines for the management of balanoposthitis. Hague J, Ilchyshyn A. Topical application of the immunosuppressant tacrolimus accelerates carcinogenesis in mouse skin.


Gerbig AW, Hunziker T.

Balanitis – Wikipedia

J Cosmet Laser Ther. Oral dapsone has also been used in resistant lesions of ZB. Diagnosis may include careful identification of the cause with the aid of a good patient balanolostitis, swabs and cultures, and pathological examination of a biopsy. Dermoscopy of Zoon’s plasma cell balanitis. Korting GW, Theisen H.

Plasma cell balanitis and vulvitis of Zoon. Changes in dermal vasculature which include vascular dilatation with proliferated individual vessels.

Zoon balanitis: A comprehensive review

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. This page was last edited on 10 Septemberat As far as Indian literature is concerned, there are no published data regarding the incidence and prevalence of ZB in Indian patients.

The clinical differentiation between ZB and its clinically equivocal dermatosis may be sometimes challenging. Circumcision and recently lasers seems to be viable therapeutic options for its management.

Histopathological examination ZB has very distinct histopathological changes affecting both epidermis and dermis. Rarely blood-stained discharge or dyspareunia has been described. Clinical and histopathological features — Response to circumcision. Case report and literature review. Most of the researchers have used TCIs in ZB for 4—8 weeks resulting in significant clinical improvement without any severe side effect. Report of a case and review of the literature.


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Dermatitis Folliculitis Cellulitis Hidradenitis. It is an idiopathic, chronic, benign inflammatory mucositis of the genitalia that clinically presents as a solitary, shiny, well-defined erythematous plaque on the glans. Plasma cell orificial mucositis. J Dermatol Surg Oncol. It is important to exclude other causes of similar symptoms such as penile cancer.

Reflectance confocal microscopy [ 25 ]. However, long-term controlled studies are needed to confirm its effect and to know the dose and duration of therapy for complete clearance in ZB [ Table 2 ]. It is relatively simple to differentiate the premalignant lesions from ZB histopathologically as one can see dysplastic epithelium in the premalignant lesions while it is absent in case of ZB.

Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Macrophage Epithelioid cell Giant cell Granuloma. The value of a multi-specialty service, including genitourinary medicine, dermatology and urology input, in the management of male genital dermatoses.

Medical management candidiasicca Table 2 ] Table 2 Various medical management of Zoon’s balanitis. Arch Klin Exp Dermatol. Plasma cell balanitis treated with tacrolimus 0.