*This pamphlet supersedes DA Pam –64, dated 15 December This edition publishes a rapid action revision of DA Pam – This pamphlet explains the Army’s safety criteria and standards for operations involving ammunition and explosives prescribed by AR , for the United. Department of the Army Pamphlet DA PAM Ammunition and Explosives Safety Standards Rapid Action Revision (RAR): 10 October [United States.
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DA PAM Ammunition and Explosives Safety Standards | WBDG – Whole Building Design Guide
All soldiers and leaders must maintain a proactive posture towards safety in day-to-day operations. The need for total commitment to safety should be evident to commanders, senior soldiers, and their subordinates. The importance of safety is intensified for units and personnel engaged in munitions-related activities. Safety awareness is most effective at three levels: These levels and the specific responsibilities of key personnel and individuals are discussed below.
Commanders are responsible for protecting personnel and equipment under their command. Safety, to include risk assessment and accident reporting, is an inherent responsibility of commanders at all echelons. They must take an active and aggressive leadership role in safety planning and programs. Unit safety officers are appointed on written orders and must complete a safety officer course. They report directly to the commander on safety-related matters and administer the unit safety program.
The unit safety officer or NCO accomplishes the following duties: Prepares a unit safety program and a field safety SOP focused on awareness rather than on reactive safety reporting. Reviews regulations and TMs and recommends procedures for increasing safety in unit operations, as well as in operations involving receipt, handling, storage, transport, and issue of munitions.
Recommends procedural changes to the commander that will reduce accident risk, injury, and property loss. Organizes a safety committee, if needed, to assist with inspections and the formulation and recommendation of safety procedures. Leaders must ensure that soldiers perform their duties safely by taking the following proactive steps: Make soldiers aware of hazards through continuous training.
Stress safety in operations. Prevent accidents through planning and preparation. The key to a good safety program, and the focus of the unit safety effort, is to prevent individual soldiers from having accidents.
Individual soldiers are responsible for their personal safety. Part of this responsibility includes taking the following actions: Becoming familiar with the Army’s general safety policies for ammunition and explosives and related operations see AR and DA Pam Learning the principles of how munitions function, how to handle, store, and transport munitions safely, and how to safely operate MHE.
Becoming familiar with the hazards and safety precautions that apply to specific munitions. A relaxed attitude regarding any one of these elements can 385-46 to an accident.
A problem with more than one of these elements often leads to disaster. The one who normally knows whether or not all elements are in proper balance is the individual.
The safety equation below is important for soldiers to remember. Risk assessment is the identification of hazards and their possible effects. Xr peacetime, leaders learn to assess risks during training exercises. Techniques learned in peacetime training can be used successfully in combat and SASO.
However, after careful evaluation of the mission, a certain amount of risk can be taken in combat and SASO that would be unacceptable in peacetime operations. See DA Pam During the planning phase of any operation, safety personnel must conduct a task hazard analysis and safety evaluation before writing unit SOPs. This allows sufficient time for safety input 835-64 ensure that operational changes can be made efficiently. Experience has shown that preplanning significantly reduces accident potential and increases efficiency.
Risk management is the decision-making process that balances operational demands against identified risks.
FM Chptr7 Munitions Safety
Risk assessment and risk management must be fully integrated into operational planning and execution. Risk management is a closed-loop, five-step process that can be used for any type of mission.
The five steps are as follows: Identify all hazards, including those to soldiers, equipment, and stocks. Assess hazards to determine the risks involved and their impact in terms of potential loss and cost. To a degree, assessments are based on probability and severity. Develop control measures that eliminate or reduce hazards and risks; continually reevaluate risks until they are reduced to a level where the benefits outweigh costs. Implement controls that are effective in eliminating 358-64 and reducing risks.
Enforce control measures through supervision and continually evaluate them for effectiveness. The proper use of risk assessment and risk management procedures is a primary force protection method. Protecting personnel, equipment, and stocks from damage or loss is the bottom line. A written SOP must be developed and used for all munitions operations. Procedures must describe the ag so an inexperienced soldier can perform the operation safely.
Failure 385-644 follow an SOP is a major cause of munitions-related accidents. Many publications contain procedures and standards that may be used 385-6 developing reliable and useful SOPs for munitions operations.
The following publications are among the most applicable: US Army Materiel 358-64 regulations, pamphlets, and drawings. Army regulations and DA pamphlets. Bureau of Explosives publications. Code of Federal Regulations. Department of Defense Standards. Department of Transportation publications. Depot maintenance work requirements. International Air Transportation Association publications. International Atomic Energy Agency publications.
International Civil Aviation Organization publications. International Maritime Dangerous Goods publications. Joint and other service regulations. Military standards and handbooks. Technical bulletins and manuals. Command guidance and SOPs from higher headquarters. Soldiers must have the information necessary to perform their tasks safely. Supervisors are responsible for ensuring that all soldiers involved in an operation or task read the applicable SOP before the operation begins. The SOP must be available at the operations site and will identify potentially hazardous items or conditions that could arise.
The unit aar SOP must include the following: Safety personnel activities and responsibilities. Safety training requirements and training schedule. Inspection procedures to detect safety violations, and recommend and enforce corrections. First aid training requirements and training schedule. Provisions for briefings on new ammunition items and technical intelligence updates. Procedures for accident investigations. AR establishes munitions and explosives safety standards to protect military personnel, Army civilian employees, the public, and the environment.
It is supplemented by DA Pam These publications aar the Army’s general safety policies wr standards for munitions, explosives, liquid propellants, and related facilities and activities.
They cover the 3385-64 topics: Waiver authority and requests for waivers. Facilities construction and siting.
Chemical agents and munitions standards. Accident reporting relating to the storage, packing, shipping, maintenance, and destruction of munitions. Beyond unit SOPs, commanders must ensure that safety regulations and directives or other policies established by higher headquarters are followed during munitions operations.
Due to the destructive nature 38-64 munitions, all responsible personnel, including the user, must be constantly aware of safety procedures. Carelessness, faulty equipment, hazardous working conditions, and unsafe practices may result in injury, loss of life, and property damage. In wartime, these factors may seriously disrupt munitions support and thus have a negative impact on the outcome of operations.
These regulations prescribe universally applicable standards and practices. They require the preparation and implementation of safety programs, including fire plans at. Whenever and wherever munitions are handled, stored, or moved, rigid enforcement of safety regulations and strict observance of safety practices is mandatory.
Many potential hazards are associated with munitions and explosives. These hazards exist in various areas as discussed in 385-664 following paragraphs.
DA PAM 385-64 Ammunition and Explosives Safety Standards
All operations involving munitions will be limited to the minimum number of soldiers needed to accomplish the mission safely and efficiently.
Tasks not necessary to an operation must be prohibited. Also, personnel not required for an operation will be denied entry to the area.