This book examines the work of a scholar of this discipline, al-Hārith al-Muhāsibī, who lived and worked during the classical Islamic period under the Abbāsids. View Al-Muhasibi Research Papers on for free. Presentation version, all references removed. Message me for details. John D’ Alton, Monash University Combatting the soul in al-Muhasibi and Isaac of Nineveh.

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Al-Harith al-Muhasibi (d. A.H) – Part One |

He is most famous for his theory of the three-part nature of the human soul. His parents apparently left for Baghdad shortly after his birth, perhaps attracted by the many opportunities afforded by the newly founded capital. In this milieu, Imam al-Muhasibi wrote Treatise for the Seekers of Guidance, which, in a nutshell, is a explanation of Islamic spiritual development that emphasizes the importance of Muslims cleansing their hearts from worldly attractions and maintaining Taqwa, or a God-consciousness that manifests itself in purposeful action.

His Ascetic Discourses reveal a thought-world that very much continues the earlier Greek tradition and is thus an important aspect of Late Antiquity. This paper analyses Isaac’s struggle metaphors at length and briefly notes connections to early Sufi Muslim writings.


The Life and Works of al-Muhasibi. It consists of a variety of mystical paths that are designed to ascertain the nature of humanity and of God and to facilitate the experience…. Original comment deleted as it had no relation to the article. Email Address never made public. Later on he was allowed to return to Baghdad, perhaps at the price of abandoning his theological convictions.


Lots more here p for thesis. Get fast, free shipping with Amazon Prime. His major opponent was Ahmad ibn Hanbal d.

Shakir is to be lauded for his commentary, bold at times. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: You are commenting using your Twitter account. Master of the Wayfarers: Being Acquainted with Allah. Review of Spiritual Purification in Islam: Mortifying the soul is for the purpose of drawing near to and even returning to God. This seems to have been an impediment to real mystical experiences; the ruthlessness of this psychological technique buried every attempt at ecstatic exaltation under an enormous inferiority complex.

Isaac lived in the same region as Muhasibi although roughly years before. However, the flip side of the proverbial sword reflects a conundrum. At this stage, one becomes aware of the damage that has been done to oneself and others by allowing the nafs to control one’s life.

Humility is a central virtue for both Muhasibi and Isaac, and both return to this theme repeatedly. August 23, at 4: Remember me on this computer.

During his lifetime, however, he was regarded with suspicion, and his last years were embittered by persecution. Surprisingly, both Muhasibi and Isaac have a similar view of the soul. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

Luminaries VI- Imam al-Harith al-Muhasibi

This is the table of contents and introduction to “the Polished Mirror,” published by Oneworld: These habits had been adapted from the life-style of Christian monks. March 2, at 3: The most commendable attitude is scrupulosity, although even this can be ambiguousbecause it might result in spiritual paralysis.


Oxford University Press, – Online version. Its overly critical attitude can lead to self-hatred and even suicide. Summary Purification of the soul is a principle that is central to understanding Islamic spirituality but despite this, relatively little has been written explicitly in the Islamic tradition regarding this discrete method of spiritual purification.

Combatting the soul in al-Muhasibi and Isaac of Nineveh | John D’Alton –

To be saved and make it to paradise in the afterworld, one must maintain a real and present fear of God and endure trials and tribulations while on earth. Join 1, other followers. By muhasibk to use this website, you agree to their use. Leave a comment Comments feed for this article.

This difference in adoption of philosophy is also noticeable in their differing style of writing about spiritual struggle. To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login.


Several important works have summarised his life and writings but not analysed his approach in great detail.